Safeguards

Safeguards are “do no harm” policies, rules or measures intended to prevent someone or something from being damaged.  safeguards are normally aimed at addressing both direct and indirect impacts on communities and ecosystems, by identifying, analyzing, and working to manage risks and opportunities.

 

Safeguards have been identified as very important for the provision of multiple benefits in implementation of SFM and REDD+ activities. The Cancun Agreements highlighted safeguards for REDD+ as very important to ensure that actions do not cause negative social or environmental impacts.

Meet the requirements of the following safeguards:

CANCUN SAFEGUARDS

WORLD BANK SAFEGUARDS

AfDB SAFEGUARDS

The UNFCCC recognises that safeguards are a key part of REDD+ implementation, and links the Cancun safeguards to results-based payments, requiring that countries demonstrate how they have addressed and respected them throughout the implementation of their REDD+ interventions.[1]

 

The specific UNFCCC safeguard requirements are the following:

 

Requirement 1: Implement REDD+ interventions in a manner consistent with the Cancun safeguards

 

Requirement 2:  Establish a system to provide information on how the Cancun safeguards are being addressed and respected

 

 

Requirement 3:  Provide a summary of information on how the Cancun safeguards are being addressed and respected

 

Linkages Between World Bank, AfDB and National Safeguards Requirements

The table below outlines the various linkages among the World Bank, AfDB and Ghana’s National Safeguards (EPA Regulations).

Table 4: Linkages and Differences Between National, World Bank and AfDB Safeguards

 

Topic

Ghana legislation /EPA requirement

WB policy requirement

AfDB requirement

Environmental Assessment (Instruments)

SEA, EIA, PEA, (Forms EA 1 & 2) , EMP

SESA, ESIA, ESMF, ESMP

SESA, ESIA, ESMP

 

Content of EA

Physical, Biological and Social environment. Health and safety (workers/public).

National laws and relevant international conventions

Physical, Biological and Social environment. Health and safety (workers/public). National laws and relevant international conventions

Physical, Biological and Social environment. Health and safety (workers/public) and labour issues. Climate change assessment. National laws and relevant international conventions

EA consultation

Stakeholder consultations and public involvement.

Stakeholder consultations and public involvement

Stakeholder consultations and public involvement

EA Disclosure

EIA notification in a national daily. Send draft copies to relevant stakeholders. Public hearing for sensitive projects.

EIA notification in a national daily. Send copies to relevant stakeholders. Info shop publication at Bank website. Send final copies to relevant stakeholders esp. ESMP.

Similar to WB

Timing of compensation payment

Prompt

Prior to displacement

Prior to displacement

Calculation of compensation

Fair and adequate

(Replacement Cost Approach)

-Depreciation factored

Full Replacement Cost

-No depreciation

Full Replacement Cost

-No depreciation

Squatters

Are deemed not to be eligible and therefore not entitled to any compensation

Are to be provided resettlement assistance (but no compensation for land)

Are to be provided resettlement assistance (but no compensation for land)

Physical displacement 

In the event where inhabitants have to be physically displaced, the State is to resettle them on “suitable land with due regard for their economic well-being and social and cultural values”.

Affected people who are physically displaced are to be provided with residential housing, or housing sites, or, as required, agricultural sites at least equivalent to the old site. Compensation and resettlement assistance

Similar to WB. Compensation and resettlement assistance.

Vulnerable groups

No specific provision

Particular attention to be paid to vulnerable groups, especially those below the poverty line, the landless, the elderly, women and children.

Similar to WB

Information and Consultation of PAPs

The owner/occupier of the land must be formally notified at least a week in advance of the intent to enter, and be given at least 24 hours’ notice before actual entry

Displaced persons and their communities are provided timely and relevant information, consulted on resettlement options, and offered opportunities to participate in planning, implementing, and monitoring resettlement.

Similar to WB

Grievance

Access to Court of Law and Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) options

Appropriate and accessible grievance mechanisms to be established

Appropriate and accessible grievance mechanisms to be established